De grandes universités américaines comme Harvard (Boston, Massachusetts) et Vanderbilt (Nashville, Tennessee) font l’acquisition de vastes superficies de terres agricoles en Afrique. C’est ce qui ressort d’une nouvelle enquête réalisée par l’Oakland Institute, un institut de recherche militant situé en Californie.
OI Executive Director Anuradha Mittal told Democracy Now: “We have heard about the role of these private hedge funds in food speculation and speculation of food prices, because they control commodities,” she said.
Former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan believes increased sustainable farming is the only way out of the current global food crises.
Lungi Acre, petit village de la Sierra Leone, ses toits de chaumes et sa multinationale. « Ici, il y avait tout, des rizières, du manioc, des herbes médicinales... Maintenant on a la canne à sucre », ironise un habitant.
Food insecurity, loss of food sovereignty, the displacement of small farmers, conflict, environmental devastation, water loss, and the further impoverishment and political instability of African nations – these are among the consequences of large-scale investments in land in Africa, a special investigation by the Oakland Institute has revealed.
According to the Oakland Institute, an Oakland, Calif., non-profit social development think-tank, the super rich, especially European, and some U.S. universities are engaged in a land grab in Africa. Some 148 million acres of land “equal to the size of France” have already been gobbled-up by investors just since the so-called financial crash of 2009.
Ongoing discussions and debates on the dangers and implications of several land investment deals carried out by the government of Ernest Bai Koroma have brought out startling revelations. (Pix, NDA's Mr Chernor Bah).
When a massive tire corporation rolled into Nigeria’s Iguobazuwa Forest Reserve a few years ago, just one thing stood in the path of the CEOs’ plans to set up a rubber plantation: the communities that lived there. With cruel precision, the communities that got in the way were uprooted and displaced, their farmland devastated.
Dans la Corne de l'Afrique, 12 millions de personnes souffrent de la sécheresse. Les Nations unies parlent même de famine dans plusieurs régions. Pourtant, l'État éthiopien continue de louer ses terres fertiles, délaissant une agriculture vivrière au profit de grandes exploitations tournées vers l'exportation dans le domaine des agrocarburants.
Spelman College’s endowment fund was reportedly worth more than $350 million in 2010, making it the largest private endowment of all historically black colleges and universities, and second only to Howard University in largest overall endowment.